Toxic effects of Aroclor 1254 on rat liver and modifying roles of selenium

Balcı Özyurt A., ERKEKOĞLU Ü. P., ZEYBEK N. D., Aşcı A., Yaman Ü., OFLAZ O., ...More

International Journal of Environmental Health Research, vol.33, no.12, pp.1289-1304, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09603123.2023.2223470
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1289-1304
  • Keywords: apoptosis, liver, oxidative stress, Polychlorinated biphenyls, selenium
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were used in different industrial areas and banned due to their high toxicity. Aroclor 1254 (A1254), commercial PCB congener, accumulates in environment leading to high human exposure. A1254 may cause hepatotoxicity, metabolic and endocrine disorders. In our study, 3-week-old male rats were separated into 6 groups: C (0.15 mg/kg Se in diet); SeS (1 mg/kg Se in diet); SeD (0.05 mg/kg Se in diet); A1254 receiving groups (A; ASeS; ASeD) were given 10 mg/kg/day A1254 orally for last 15 days of feeding period with control, SeD or SeS diet, respectively, for 5 weeks. Histopathology, oxidant/antioxidant balance, apoptosis and cell cycle proteins (p53, p21) in liver were evaluated. Our results suggest that A1254 leads to changes in histology, oxidative stress and apoptosis. Selenium deficiency augments oxidative stress and apoptosis while selenium supplementation is partially protective. More mechanistic in vivo experiments are necessary for evaluation of hepatotoxicity of PCBs.