Renal pelvic pressure responds with augmented increases to increments in intraabdominal pressure

KARNAK İ., KOLOĞLU M., Karaaǧaoǧlu E., Büyükpamukçu N., Tanyel F.

Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol.36, no.6, pp.901-904, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1053/jpsu.2001.23968
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.901-904
  • Keywords: Congenital hydronephrosis, Intraabdominal pressure, Renal pelvis pressure, Ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Background/Purpose: Flow of a fluid through a collapsible tube is under the influence of various factors including the external compressing pressure. Because the intraabdominal pressure may compress the ureter, an experimental study has been planned to determine and compare the normal intraabdominal and renal pelvic pressures and the alterations in renal pelvic pressure in response to the increments in intraabdominal pressure in the rabbits. Methods: Eight adult rabbits were used for the experiment. Under general anesthesia, an urethral catheter, a nasogastric tube, and an intraperitoneal catheter were placed to measure intravesical (IVP), intragastric (IGP), and intraabdominal pressures (IAP), respectively. Intracranial pressure monitorization catheter was placed into the renal pelvis to monitor intrapelvic pressure (IPP). Basal pressure measurements have been recorded. The pressures have been recorded in every 5 minutes, and IAP has been increased gradually about 3 to 4 cm of water pressure in every step for 30-minute periods. Results: Increases in the intrapelvic pressure values have been significantly higher than the increases in the IAP (P < .001). A significant correlation has been found between IPP and IAP (P = .000, r = 0.866). By using linear regression analysis the relationship has been found to be IPP = 7.303 + 1.985 (IAP). Intragastric pressure values have been higher compared with IAP values (P < .001), whereas intravesical pressures have not differed from IAP (P > .05). Conclusions: Elevations in IAP results in augmented increases in the IPP. Poiseuille and Laplace Laws suggest this augmented increase to resemble proximal ureteric obstruction. Increases in IAP may simulate proximal ureteric obstruction and may take part in the pathogenesis of hydronephrosis. Copyright © 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company.