© 2018, Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature.The aim of this study was to formulate an exercise program according to GAS, an approach that reflects the patients’ point of view and expectations and investigate the effects of this program in ataxia rehabilitation. This study was designed as an assessor-blinded, single-group trial, and 24 patients with cerebellar ataxia were included. Treatment goals, postural control, disease severity, and daily living activities were assessed pre- and post-treatment using the Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS), the Sensory Organization Test (SOT), the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS), and the Barthel Index (BI), respectively. An exercise program was applied by taking patients’ individual expectations and treatment goals into account. The participants enrolled in the physiotherapy program for 8 weeks, 3 days a week for 1 hour per day. The mean age of the patients was 34.00 ± 9.15 years. While the GAS, kinetic functions ICARS subscores, ICARS total scores, SOT-composite, and BI scores improved significantly after treatment (p < 0.05), other ICARS subscores did not change after treatment (p > 0.05). The results showed that putting the patient at the center of the evaluation and treatment process while formulating a treatment plan had a positive effect on treatment outcome. If the functions that patients consider important are known and the treatment process concentrates on these functions, a patient’s participation in his/her individual treatment is supported by increasing his/her motivation and contribution to more successful rehabilitation practices.