Differentiation of memory processing stages and effect of demographic variables with alternative scoring approaches to the Rey auditory verbal learning test

Karakaş S., Erdoğan Bakar E., Doğutepe E., CAN H., Kaskatı T.

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol.44, no.2, pp.109-133, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13803395.2022.2080186
  • Journal Name: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, AgeLine, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.109-133
  • Keywords: learning, memory, retention, retrieval, Rey auditory verbal learning test, scoring
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Background: The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) is the third most popular verbal memory test and the tenth most frequently used neuropsychological test. The original scoring system of RAVLT does not differentiate stages of memory processing, but a recently developed composite scoring system has this potential. The objectives were to compare the two systems in terms of their capacity to differentiate the stages of memory processing and to study the effect of demographic variables on the learning trials (T) of the Turkish form of RAVLT (T-RAVLT). Method: The sample consisted of 600 Caucasian Turkic adults, who were categorized into three levels of age, three levels of education, and two levels of gender. Individual administration of T-RAVLT was performed using the standard procedures of RAVLT. Results: The components in the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and latent variables in the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the original scores were consistent with sequentially ordered T-RAVLT stages. Demographic variables (age, education, and gender) affected performances in all of the learning trials. The composite scores revealed retrieval and retention as separate components, but these scores could not be predicted from the relevant T-RAVLT scores. Conclusions: Findings recommend a combined utilization of the two scoring systems: The original system to provide scores on the performance at each stage of T-RAVLT and the combined system to provide separate scores on learning, retention, and retrieval, the three stages of memory processing. A selective effect of demographic variables on T1 was not observed, indicating a need for cross-cultural studies that are meticulously controlled for age and education.