Liver Transplantation for Biliary Atresia

Karakayali H., Sevmis S., ÖZÇELİK Ü., Ozcay F., Moray G., Torgay A., ...More

Transplantation Proceedings, vol.40, no.1, pp.231-233, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2007.11.015
  • Journal Name: Transplantation Proceedings
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.231-233
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Biliary atresia is the most common indication for liver transplantation (OLT) in children. We present our experience with OLT as a treatment for end-stage liver disease in children with biliary atresia. We performed a retrospective review of 20 biliary atresia patients (11 male, 9 female patients; mean age, 21.4 months; range, 6 to 84 months) who had undergone OLT. Mean preoperative weight and height were 10.1 ± 5.8 kg and 72.5 cm, respectively. Thirteen recipients were younger than 1 year of age, and 15 weighed less than 10 kg at the time of OLT. Fourteen recipients had undergone a Kasai operation prior to the OLT. The mean serum total bilirubin level was 22.56 mg/dL before OLT. Eighteen left lateral segment grafts and two whole grafts were transplanted. The mean recipient operative time was 9.25 hours. The mean recipient intraoperative blood loss was 1.81 U. Two hepatic arterial thromboses and one biliary leak occurred soon after surgery. Portal vein stenoses developed in two recipients at 10 and 12 months after OLT; both were treated with balloon dilatation. Two biliary stenoses, which occurred at 10 months and 3.5 years after surgery, were treated with balloon dilatation. Two recipients died at 2 and 12 days after OLT because of respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis, respectively. The remaining 18 (90%) recipients are alive with good graft function. The overall rejection rate was 31.25%. OLT is an effective treatment for children with biliary atresia and a failed Kasai procedure. Living related liver grafts represented an excellent organ supply for these patients. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.