Molecular and Electrophysiological Role of Diabetes-Associated Circulating Inflammatory Factors in Cardiac Arrhythmia Remodeling in a Metabolic-Induced Model of Type 2 Diabetic Rat


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Zayas-Arrabal J., Alquiza A., TUNCAY E., Turan B. , Gallego M., Casis O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, vol.22, no.13, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/ijms22136827
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
  • Keywords: cytokines, arrhythmia, torsade de pointes, potassium current, insulin resistance, OUTWARD POTASSIUM CURRENT, GUINEA-PIG, QT, REPOLARIZATION, ACTIVATION, CARDIOMYOPATHY, PROLONGATION, INTERVAL, CURRENTS, DEATH

Abstract

Background: Diabetic patients have prolonged cardiac repolarization and higher risk of arrhythmia. Besides, diabetes activates the innate immune system, resulting in higher levels of plasmatic cytokines, which are described to prolong ventricular repolarization. Methods: We characterize a metabolic model of type 2 diabetes (T2D) with prolonged cardiac repolarization. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on a high-fat diet (45% Kcal from fat) for 6 weeks, and a low dose of streptozotozin intraperitoneally injected at week 2. Body weight and fasting blood glucose were measured and electrocardiograms of conscious animals were recorded weekly. Plasmatic lipid profile, insulin, cytokines, and arrhythmia susceptibility were determined at the end of the experimental period. Outward K+ currents and action potentials were recorded in isolated ventricular myocytes by patch-clamp. Results: T2D animals showed insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and elevated levels of plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, TNF alpha, and IL-1b. They also developed bradycardia and prolonged QTc-interval duration that resulted in increased susceptibility to severe ventricular tachycardia under cardiac challenge. Action potential duration (APD) was prolonged in control cardiomyocytes incubated 24 h with plasma isolated from diabetic rats. However, adding TNF alpha and IL-1b receptor blockers to the serum of diabetic animals prevented the increased APD. Conclusions: The elevation of the circulating levels of TNF alpha and IL-1b are responsible for impaired ventricular repolarization and higher susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmia in our metabolic model of T2D.