Visuel and semiquantitative analysis of Tc-99m dmsa scintigraphy in children with pyelonephritis Piyelonefrit hastalarında Tc-99m dmsa sintigrafisinin görsel ve semikantitatif analizi


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Demir F., Erselcan T., Turgut B., HASBEK Z., Kelkit P., Özdal A., ...More

Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine, vol.8, no.6, pp.515-518, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.4328/jcam.5282
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine
  • Page Numbers: pp.515-518
  • Keywords: Tc-99m DMSA, Pyelonephritis, Semiquantitative Analysis, SCANS

Abstract

© 2017, Derman Medical Publishing. All rights reserved.Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate a quantitative method in comparison with a visual method based on 99mTc-DMSA renal planar scintigraphy performed during pyelonephritis (PN). Material and Method: A total of 21 children (6,6±3,2 y old (mean±SD)) were examined by 99mTc-DMSA scintigraphy during (DMSA1) and 12,4±6,8 month (mean±SD) after (DMSA2) PN. Two levels of interpretation were performed independently: first, a visual analysis to classify the kidneys by considering the evolution between DMSA1 and DMSA2, and second, a semiquantitative analysis of DMSA1 and DMSA2. A visual method of kidney evaluation, 9-point visual analysis of each kidney was performed. A kidney was considered normal when the score was ≥7. Renal scarring was defined as a score of <7 on DMSA1 and DMSA2, and 2 groups were obtained normal(N) and defective(DF). Semiquantitative analysis of kidney evolution; was performed to an automatic threshold (%20-80) for the kidney and then calculating ratios of the count density and number of pixels (nC%=C in a given isocount/C in a 20% isocount, nS%=S in a given isocount/S in a 20% isocount). Results: For the semiquantitative analysis, the nC70 ve nS70 ratio was considered the best index to classify the kidneys by considering the evolution between DMSA1 (to determine which kidneys N or DF group) (table1). When this nC70 ratio was used a cutoff value of 0,34, it was able to differentiate between N and DF groups with a sensitivity of %55, a specificity of %100. According to the semiquantitative analysis of DMSA-2, when the cutoff value of C70% (0.36) was taken into consideration, 12 of 15 kidneys were in the N group, and 14 of 27 were in the DF group. As a result, a group change occurred in 16/42 (%38) kidneys. Discussion: We concluded that the assessment of DMSA scintigraphy might show significant inter-observer variation and that there was a need for quantitative parameters to make more objective evaluations.