Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques, vol.30, no.12, pp.1301-1307, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
© Copyright 2020, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2020.Purpose: To compare the effects of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) on postoperative pain and their differences in terms of the postoperative need for analgesics in the treatment of 2-4 cm kidney stones. Methods: A total of 132 patients who suffered from renal stones 2-4 cm in size and had surgery at our urology clinic between April 2015 and April 2017 were enrolled in this prospective study (NCT02430168). Patients were randomized into either the RIRS group (Group 1) or PNL group (Group 2) in a ratio of 1:1. Postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) values at 8 and 24 hours postoperatively and analgesic treatments of patients were recorded. Results: Patients from both groups had similar demographic characteristics. Stone-free states were achieved in 37 (74%) patients in the RIRS group and 45 (90%) patients in the PNL group. Postoperative complication rates were similar in two groups. Moreover, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the postoperative need for analgesics (P = .309). However, the PNL group had higher VAS values (P < .001). Conclusion: Although the early postoperative pain scales were high in the PNL group, there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the standard analgesic treatments for achieving patient's comfort. PNL, which has similar complications, but with higher success rates, compared with RIRS, did not require additional analgesic treatment during postoperative pain management. Thus, in our opinion, PNL should still remain as a first choice in treatment of 2-4 cm renal stones.