Natural cutaneous anthrax infection, but not vaccination, induces a CD4(+) T cell response involving diverse cytokines

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Ingram R. J., Ascough S., Reynolds C. J., Metan G., DOĞANAY M., BAİLLİE L., ...More

CELL AND BIOSCIENCE, vol.5, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s13578-015-0011-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Background: Whilst there have been a number of insights into the subsets of CD4(+) T cells induced by pathogenic Bacillus anthracis infections in animal models, how these findings relate to responses generated in naturally infected and vaccinated humans has yet to be fully established. We describe the cytokine profile produced in response to T cell stimulation with a previously defined immunodominant antigen of anthrax, lethal factor (LF), domain IV, in cohorts of individuals with a history of cutaneous anthrax, compared with vaccinees receiving the U.K. licenced Anthrax Vaccine Precipitated (AVP) vaccine.