An enzyme-free technique enables the isolation of a large number of adipose-derived stem cells at the bedside


Scientific Reports, vol.13, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-023-34915-0
  • Journal Name: Scientific Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts Core, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Adipose tissue derived stromal cells (ADSCs) play a crucial role in research and applications of regenerative medicine because they can be rapidly isolated in high quantities. Nonetheless, their purity, pluripotency, differentiation capacity, and stem cell marker expression might vary greatly depending on technique and tools used for extraction and harvesting. There are two methods described in the literature for isolating regenerative cells from adipose tissue. The first technique is enzymatic digestion, which utilizes many enzymes to remove stem cells from the tissue they reside in. The second method involves separating the concentrated adipose tissue using non-enzymatic, mechanical separation methods. ADSCs are isolated from the stromal-vascular fraction (SVF) of processed lipoaspirate, which is the lipoaspirate's aqueous portion. The purpose of this work was to evaluate a unique device ‘microlyzer’ for generating SVF from adipose tissue using a mechanical technique that required minimal intervention. The Microlyzer was examined using tissue samples from ten different patients. The cells that were retrieved were characterized in terms of their cell survival, phenotype, proliferation capacity, and differentiation potential. The number of progenitor cells extracted only from the microlyzed tissue was in comparable amount to the number of progenitor cells acquired by the gold standard enzymatic approach. The cells that were collected from each group exhibit similar levels of viability as well as proliferation rates. In addition, the differentiation potentials of the cells derived from the microlyzed tissue were investigated, and it was discovered that cells isolated through microlyzer entered the differentiation pathways more quickly and displayed a greater level of marker gene expression than cells isolated by enzymatic methods. These findings suggest that microlyzer, particularly in regeneration investigations, will allow quick and high rate cell separation at the bedside.