Chromatographic Analysis of Aqueous Humor of Bupivacaine in Different Administration Approaches

Dinçel A., Bingöl Kızıltunç P., Atilla H., Onur F., Demirel S.

JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHIC SCIENCE, vol.67, no.7, pp.688-691, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/chromsci/bmac066
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.688-691
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Different administration approaches were investigated for the selection of bupivacaine administration type and a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method has been developed. Developed method was validated and applied for the determination of bupivacaine in rabbit aqueous humor. The separation was achieved using a XTerra, C8 (250 × 8 mm i.d., particle size 5 μm) analytical column with a mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and sodium dihydrogen phosphate (pH = 3.0, 20 mM; 30:70, v/v). Bupivacaine detection was performed by Diode Array detector (DAD) at 220 nm. The retention times for bupivacaine is 15.886 min. HPLC-DAD method was linear in the range of 75–4000 ng/mL. The limit of detection was 25 ng/mL and the limit of quantification of bupivacaine was found to be 75 ng/mL (relative standard deviation, RSD ≤ 15%, n = 6). In intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy analysis, the RSD was found to be in the range of 0.96 and 7.98%, the bias values were 0.64 and 3.33%. Method was carried out for three different type of bupivacaine application because of the investigation of effective drug administration. Twenty aqueous humor samples were in the range of 0.642 and 5.124 μg/mL.