Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol.70, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2021 Elsevier GmbHAim of the study: Cisplatin is a platinum-derived chemotherapeutic agent commonly used in the treatment of various tumors. Ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and peripheral neuropathy are the most common side effects of this drug. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), boron- containing compound, has some protective effects against various tissue damage. The present study aimed to investigate the potential protective effects of 2-APB on in vitro and in vivo cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity. Materials and methods: MTT assay was used to determine cell viability in DRG cells. Peripheral neuropathy was induced in forty male Sprague-Dawley rats (200–250g) by administering cisplatin (3 mg/kg/week) intraperitoneally (i.p) for five weeks. 2-APB (2, 4, and 8 mg/kg, i.p) was administered. Mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, cold allodynia, mechanical stimuli, motor coordination, and locomotor activity tests were performed. DRG cells and sciatic nerves were analyzed histologically. NGF, BDNF, TNF-α, GSH, MDA, and LDH levels were investigated in rat DRG tissue homogenates. Results: Our results revealed that 2-APB ameliorated cisplatin-induced neurotoxicity by improving mechanical and cold allodynia and motor coordination impairment. It also reduced cisplatin-induced structural toxicity in peripheral tissues. Conclusion: These findings demonstrated that 2-APB could be considered as a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy.