The importance of increasing the number of gastric biopsies in the diagnosis of helicobacter pylori

Gurden G., Boyacioglu S., Demirhan B., Gursoy M., KARAAĞAOĞLU A. E., Gungen Y., ...More

Hepato-Gastroenterology, vol.45, no.24, pp.2219-2223, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Journal Name: Hepato-Gastroenterology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2219-2223
  • Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, Histopathology, Urease test
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of Helicobacter pylori in various gastroduodenal diseases is universally accepted. In this study, we aimed to determine the proper number and sites of the gastric biopsies in order to achieve the highest diagnostic yield through the use of a urease test and histopathology. We also compared the histological findings encountered in patients who had Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) colonization. METHODOLOGY: Fifty patients referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for dyspeptic complaints were included in the study. Our mapping protocol included 2 biopsies from antrum and 2 biopsies from corpus. We obtained 2 biopsies from each biopsy site for urease test and histopathological assessment. Golden standard positivity for the presence of H. pylori colonization was defined as concomitantly positive urease test and histologically detected bacteria found at the same biopsy site. RESULTS: Forty-three patients had H. pylori colonization. Colonization rates of H. pylori, sensitivities of urease testing, and histopathology in 4 biopsy sites were not statistically different. Sensitivity of urease testing was 81.4% for 1 biopsy and 100% for 4 cumulative biopsies. Sensitivities of histological assessment were 93% and 100% for 1 and 4 biopsies, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study suggest that 2 biopsies for urease testing and 1 biopsy for histopathology obtained from the antrum or corpus of the stomach were sufficient to obtain the highest statistically significant diagnostic sensitivity.