Are biomechanical features of the foot and ankle related to lumbopelvic motor control?

Kararti C., BİLGİN S., Dadali Y., Büyükturan B., Büyükturan Ö., BEK N.

Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, vol.111, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


© 2021, American Podiatric Medical Association. All rights reserved.Background: Any pathomechanical change in the foot or ankle is expected to cause adverse biomechanical effects on the lumbopelvic region. However, no objective data can be found in the literature regarding the effects of musculus transversus abdominis (mTrA) and musculus lumbar multifidus (mLM), which are effective muscles in lumbopelvic motor control, or regarding the extent of their effects. Methods: Sixty-four healthy young adults were assessed by a physiotherapist (C.K.) experienced in treating feet and a radiologist (Y.D.) specialized in muscular imaging. In the determination of biomechanical properties of the foot, the navicular drop test (NDT), Foot Posture Index (FPI), pedobarographic plantar pressure analysis, and isokinetic strength dynamometer measurements were used in determining the strength of the muscles around the ankle. Ultrasonographic imaging was used to determine mTrA and mLM thicknesses. Results: Significant correlation was found between NDT results and mTrA and mLM thicknesses (P < .05) and between FPI results and mTrA thicknesses (P < .05). As the peak pressure of the foot medial line increased, mTrA and mLM thicknesses decreased (P < .05). Although dorsiflexion muscle strength was also effective, mTrA and mLM thicknesses were found to increase especially as plantarflexion muscle strength increased (P < .05). Conclusions: These results show that the biomechanical and musculoskeletal properties of the foot-ankle are associated with lumbopelvic stability. (J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 111(3): 1-14, 2021).