© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Background Orexin-A, besides playing an important role in the mechanism of food intake, exhibits a potent gastroprotective action against the formation of acute gastric mucosal injury. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of administered orexin-A against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced gastric injury on the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and HO-2 in gastric tissue.Materials and methods Wistar rats were subjected to 30 min of ischemia followed by 3 h reperfusion. Orexin-A was infused at a dose of 500 pmol/kg/min during the I/R period. The lesion area was measured by stereomicroscope. The myeloperoxidase activity and 4-hydroxinonenol-malondialdehyde content of gastric mucosa were evaluated spectrophotometrically, and the gastric tumor necrosis factor-α was measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay. The expression of HO-1 and HO-2 was determined by Western blotting analysis.Results Orexin-A significantly decreased the I/R-induced gastric lesions, myeloperoxidase activity, and 4-hydroxinonenol-malondialdehyde concentration in gastric tissue exposed to I/R. The gastroprotective effect of orexin-A in gastric I/R model was accompanied by the increase in HO-2 expression and the decrease in HO-1 expression.Conclusions Orexin-A exerts a protective action on gastric mucosa subjected to I/R, and this effect is associated with the reduction of neutrophil infiltration and lipid peroxidation in gastric tissue in addition to the increase in HO-2 expression due to the administration of orexin-A.