Efficacy and safety of gemifloxacin containing treatment regimen in first-line treatment of Helicobacter Pylori Efetividade e segurança do regime de tratamento contendo gemifloxacino no tratamento de primeira linha para Helicobacter pylori.

ALANLI R., KÜÇÜKAY M. B., Aydin M. F., ERGÜL B., Yakaryilmaz F.

Arquivos de Gastroenterologia, vol.60, no.3, pp.350-355, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/s0004-2803.230302-23-51
  • Journal Name: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.350-355
  • Keywords: Bismuth, fluoroquinolones, Gemifloxacin, Helicobacter pylori, treatment efficacy
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Background – After eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. py-lori) chronic gastritis will resolve, complications due to H. pylori infection and recurrence of infection will be prevented. Objective – To determine efficacy and safety of gemifloxacin containing treatment regimen in first line treatment of H. pylori with comparison to bismuth containing quadruple therapy. Methods – This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital between January 2018 and January 2021 with 410 participants who were diagnosed to have H. pylori infection with biopsies obtained during upper gastrointestinal system endosco-py. Patients were distributed into two groups according to their first-line treatment regimens. First group patients were treated with amoxicillin, gemifloxacin and pantoprazole and second group patients were treated with amoxicillin, metronidazole, bismuth subcitrate and pantoprazole for seven days. Results – Intention to treat and per protocol ratios for gemifloxacin containing regimen were 90.0% and 91.2%, while quadruple treatment has these ratios as 91.7% and 93.8% respectively. Treatment success rate in both regimens were similar. But adverse effects were lower and patient compliance were better in patients who had gemifloxacin containing treatment (P<0.001). Conclusion – Gemifloxacin containing treatment regimen is as effective as bismuth containing quadruple treatment regimen for H. pylori infection and patient compliance is better in this group. Gemifloxacin containing treatment regimens may be novel and effective alternatives for eradication of H. pylori infection.