Presenting clinical features and outcome in intussusception

YALÇIN S. S., ÇİFTÇİ A. Ö., Karaagaoglu E., Tanyel F. C., Senocak M. E.

Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol.76, no.4, pp.401-405, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12098-009-0129-7
  • Journal Name: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.401-405
  • Keywords: Child, Intussusception, Morbidity, Treatment
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Objective: To evaluate if a correlation exists between the clinical and radiologic characteristics at presentation; and the success of conservative management, morbidity and outcome of patients with intussusception. Methods: All patients (total 179) treated for intussusception in our unit between 1993 and 2003, were retrospectively reviewed to find out the effects of physical examination (general appearence, consciousness, body temperature, abdominal distention and tenderness, blood on rectal examination), laborat (leukocyte count) and radiologic (air-fluid level on X-ray, free abdominal fluid on ultrasonography) findings on selection of first step therapeutic modality, conservative management (reduction with barium or air) success rate and surgical complication (serosal defect, intestinal perforation) rate. Additionally, the patients were subdivided into three subgroups as group A (patients for whom surgical management was performed primarily), group B (the ones who were operated after failure of reduction attempt with barium or air), group C (patients who had successful conservative reduction). These groups were compared within each other with regard to duration of nasogastric suction, antibiotic therapy; onset of oral feeding and duration of hospitalization. The chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA tests were used for the statistical analysis and p value less than 0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Incidence of selecting conservative treatment primarily was lower in patients with toxic appearence (p=0.02) and with free fluid on ultrasonography (p=0.007). Success rate of conservative treatment was lower in patients with moderate general appearence (p=0.000), lethargy (p=0.011), blood on rectal examination (p=0.004), air-fluid level on X-ray (p=0.039), free fluid on ultrasonography (p=0.001). Surgical complication rate was higher in patients with moderate general appearence (p=0.000), lethargy (p=0.007), air-fluid level on radiograph (p=0.009). In group A; the duration of N/G suction, antibiotic therapy and hospitalization was longer; the onset of oral feeding was later than the other two groups (p=0.000). In group B; the duration of N/G suction, antibiotic therapy and hospitalization was longer; the onset of oral feeding was later than group C (p=0.000). Conclusion: Toxic appearence, lethargy and air-fluid level on radiograph not only decrease the success rate of conservative management, but increase the surgical complication rate as well. Thus, these parameters deserve more importance in the management scheme. Reduction with conservative management is the most important factor which decreases the morbidity. Morbidity is lower in cases who are operated after failure of conservative management than the ones for whom surgery is performed primarily. Thus, conservative management should be tried for all patients unless there is a clear cut contraindication such as peritonitis and/or pneumoperitoneum. © 2009 Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.