Hospital-acquired pressure injury: our seven years of experience


Journal of Wound Care, vol.33, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.12968/jowc.2024.33.sup4.s14
  • Journal Name: Journal of Wound Care
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: A pressure injury (PI) happens on the skin and in deeper tissues. Generally, it occurs due to prolonged compression over bon structures. A PI, when occurring during a hospital stay, is regarded a a hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI), and is considered as a marker for patient care quality. It might cause medical, legal or economic problems, and could be a burden on health systems. In this study we evaluate the factors contributing to HAPI formation. Method: Between June 2014–June 2021, we retrospectively investigated the files of patients who were hospitalised with different medical conditions in Bayindir Sögütözü Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, for patients’ age, sex, Waterlow scale score, mobilisation status, application of zinc-containing and/or barrier creams (ZnBC), airbed usage, hospitalisation period, and the day of wound opening. Results: The study cohort comprised 2327 hospitalised patients: 303 (13%) developed Stage 2 and deeper PIs; 2024 patients were hospitalised and discharged without wound opening. We found an increased risk in male patients and a lack of efficacy of ZnBC in protection from HAPI in our study population. However, we observed that ZnBC helped to delay wound opening and that the most protective treatment was the use of airbeds. Conclusion: Health professionals should be more aware of HAPI formation with prolonged hospitalisation periods. Only the use of an airbed for a patient hospitalised for a long period appears to be protective against PI formation. On the other hand, use of ZnBC delays wound opening. However, further research is needed to demonstrate the protective effect of ZnBC, due to the lack of randomisation in our study and the lack of some nursing records. Declaration of interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest.