The effects of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and/or selenium on trace element levels in different organs of rats


ERKEKOĞLU Ü. P. , Arnaud J., Rachidi W., GÜMÜŞEL B. , Favier A., Hincal F.

Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, vol.29, pp.296-302, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2014.08.002
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
  • Page Numbers: pp.296-302
  • Keywords: Di(ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Trace element, Selenium, Selenium deficiency, Selenium supplementation, GERM-CELL APOPTOSIS, TESTICULAR ATROPHY, OXIDATIVE STRESS, MONO-(2-ETHYLHEXYL) PHTHALATE, DI-(2-ETHYLHEXYL) PHTHALATE, DI-2-ETHYLHEXYL PHTHALATE, DIETARY ZINC, TOXICITY, EXPOSURE, TESTIS

Abstract

© 2014 Published by Elsevier GmbH.Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), a widely used plasticizer for synthetic polymers, is known to have endocrine disruptive potential, reproductive toxicity, and induces hepatic carcinogenesis in rodents. Selenium (Se) is a component of several selenoenzymes which are essential for cellular antioxidant defense and for the functions of mammalian reproductive system. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of DEHP exposure on trace element distribution in liver, testis, and kidney tissues and plasma of Se-deficient and Se-supplemented rats. Se deficiency was produced by feeding 3-week old Sprague-Dawley rats with ≤0.05. mg Se/kg diet for 5 weeks, and supplementation group were on 1. mg Se/kg diet. DEHP treated groups received 1000. mg/kg dose by gavagse during the last 10 days of feeding period. Se, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) levels were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Se supplementation caused significant increases in hepatic, renal, and testicular Se levels. With DEHP exposure, plasma Se and Zn, kidney Se, Cu and Mn levels were significantly decreased. Besides, liver Fe decreased markedly in all the DEHP-treated groups. Liver and kidney Mn levels decreased significantly in DEHP/SeD group compared to both DEHP and SeD groups. These results showed the potential of DEHP exposure and/or different Se status to modify the distribution pattern of essential trace elements in various tissues, the importance of which needs to be further evaluated.