Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Myopic Patients Having Thin Residual Corneal Thickness after Excimer Laser Surface Ablation

Kocamış S. İ., Çakmak H. B., Gerçeker S., ÇAĞIL N.

Seminars in Ophthalmology, vol.32, no.4, pp.474-481, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/08820538.2015.1120755
  • Journal Name: Seminars in Ophthalmology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.474-481
  • Keywords: Ectasia, laser epithelial keratomileusis, mitomycin-C, photorefractive keratectomy, residual thin cornea, IN-SITU KERATOMILEUSIS, 10-YEAR FOLLOW-UP, PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY, REFRACTIVE SURGERY, MITOMYCIN-C, EPITHELIAL KERATOMILEUSIS, MODERATE MYOPIA, THAN-6 DIOPTERS, ECTASIA, LASIK
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


© Taylor & Francis.Purpose: To investigate and compare the long-term safety, efficacy, and accuracy of PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) and LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis) in myopic corneas having residual corneal thickness less than 400 micron meters (µm). Methods: The medical reports of the patients who had undergone excimer laser surface ablation between 2007–2011 and had a residual corneal thickness less than 400 µm were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Forty-two eyes of 42 patients with a mean age of 28.79±7.76 years were enrolled into the study. Twenty-two PRK and 20 LASEK procedures were performed. The mean follow-up time was 45.00±11.80 months. At the end of follow-up, no ectasia was detected. Nineteen percent of eyes had trace haze. No eyes lost any lines in corrected distance visual acuity. Eighty-one percent of the patients had an uncorrected distance visual acuity better than 20/40. The regression rate was 16.7%. Sixty-two percent of eyes were within ±1.00 D. The safety and efficacy indexes were 1.19±0.42 and 1.00±0.40, respectively. There was not any difference between LASEK and PRK regarding achieved spherical equivalent refraction, haze ratio, visual acuity, safety, efficacy, and regression. Conclusions: Both PRK and LASEK are safe and effective in myopic corneas having thin residual thickness.