The ability of patients with Parkinson’s disease to recognize masked faces during the COVID-19 pandemic A CAPACIDADE DOS PACIENTES COM DOENÇA DE PARKINSON DE RECONHECER ROSTOS MASCARADOS DURANTE A PANDEMIA DE COVID-19

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Dementia e Neuropsychologia, vol.16, no.3, pp.309-315, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1980-5764-dn-2021-0117
  • Journal Name: Dementia e Neuropsychologia
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Psycinfo, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.309-315
  • Keywords: COVID-19, Facial Recognition, Parkinson Disease
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Associacao Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. All rights reserved.Patients with Parkinson’s disease (PwP) have face recognition difficulties. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the difficulties of PwP in recognizing masked faces during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 64 PwP, 58 age-matched older healthy controls (OHCs), and 61 younger healthy controls (YHCs) were included in the study. The Benton Face Recognition Test – short form (BFRT-sf) and the 13-item questionnaire on face recognition difficulties due to masks during the pandemic developed by the authors were applied to all three study groups. Results: Both the PwP and OHC groups scored worse in BFRT-sf when compared with the YHC group (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). The number of those who had difficulty in recognizing people seen every day and the number of those who asked people to remove their masks because they did not recognize them were higher in the PWP group (p=0.026 and p=0.002, respectively). The number of individuals who looked at the posture and gait of people when they did not recognize their masked faces and those who stated that this difficulty affected their daily lives were higher in the OHC group (p=0.002 and p=0.009, respectively). The number of participants whose difficulty in recognizing masked faces decreased over time was higher in the YHC group (p=0.003). Conclusions: The PwP group demonstrated similar performance to their peers but differed from the YHC group in recognizing masked faces. Knowing difficulties experienced by elderly people in recognizing people who are masked can increase awareness on this issue and enhance their social interaction in pandemic conditions through measures to be taken.