During the dissection in a 55-year-old male cadaver, two accessory renal arteries were encountered in the abdominal region. The arteries were originating from left anterolateral aspect of the abdominal aorta and running into the left kidney. Left testicular artery was originating from the superior accessory renal artery. Left testicular artery crossed behind the inferior accessory renal artery. Origins of the superior accessory renal artery, main renal artery and inferior accessory renal artery were 4.8 mm, 14.5 mm and 46 mm below the superior mesenteric artery, respectively. Subsequently, accessory renal arteries run into superior and inferior pole of the left kidney. These kinds of anomalies are important in surgical procedures related to the abdomen, such as renal transplantation, abdominal aortic aneurysm, ureter surgery, vascular pedicles of kidney and in angiographic interventions. © Gülhane Askeri Tip Akademisi 2005.