Serum sialic acid, hs-CRP and oxidative stress parameters in obese children


Yilmaz F. M., Yilmaz G., Erdeve Ş. S., Dallar Y., Topkaya B., YÜCEL D.

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.20, no.2, pp.205-210, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jpem.2007.20.2.205
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-210
  • Keywords: Child, hs-CRP, Obesity, Oxidative stress, Sialic acid
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a common health problem that is rapidly increasing among children. Obesity is accompanied by a high incidence of atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that the risk for atherosclerosis may be increased in obese children and measured some risk factors for atherosclerosis. Patients and Methods: We determined sialic acid levels and investigated correlations with malondialdehyde (MDA), susceptibility to oxidation, total thiol concentrations, glucose and lipid profile in 39 obese (BMI 26.6 ± 3.9) and 33 sex- and age-matched healthy children (BMI 15.9 ± 1.7). Results: MDA concentrations, susceptibility to oxidation and hs-CRP were significantly higher in obese children than controls. Sialic acid and total thiol concentrations were higher in controls but this did not reach statistical significance. Total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and glucose concentrations were significantly higher in the obese group and there was a positive correlation between BMI and MDA, susceptibility to oxidation, hs-CRP and glucose concentrations, and a negative correlation between BMI and HDL-cholesterol. Although sialic acid levels were not different between the groups, they showed a correlation with hs-CRP. Conclusions: A higher risk was found in obese children in relation to oxidative stress parameters, hs-CRP and lipid profile, and this risk showed a positive correlation with BMI. These results are important because children will encounter this increased risk for a longer time than adults, and taking care of obesity in childhood is especially important. © Freund Publishing House Ltd.