Reliability and validity of Turkish version of the Scoliosis Japanese Questionnaire- 27 in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Bazancir Z., YAĞCI G., BEK N.

Journal of Orthopaedic Science, vol.26, no.6, pp.974-978, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jos.2020.10.020
  • Journal Name: Journal of Orthopaedic Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.974-978
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2020 The Japanese Orthopaedic AssociationBackground: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of an adapted Turkish version of the Scoliosis Japanese Questionnaire- 27 (SJ- 27). Methods: Translation and retranslation of the English version of the SJ- 27 was conducted, and all steps of the cross-cultural adaptation process were performed. The Turkish version of the SJ- 27, the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS- 22) questionnaire and the Short Form-36 (SF- 36) were performed to 139 patients with AIS. Reliability was assessed using the test–retest method (Pearson's correlation coefficient); internal consistency was analyzed using Cronbach's alpha. Validity was assessed by correlating the SJ- 27 with the SRS- 22 questionnaire and SF- 36. Results: The mean Cobb angles were 23.2 ± 8.3° and 19 ± 5.9° for thoracic and lumbar regions, respectively. The SJ- 27 showed excellent test/retest reliability with an Intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.99. Internal consistency of the SJ- 27 was found to be very good (Cronbach's alpha = 0.991). The SJ- 27 demonstrated very good construct validity with the SRS- 22 total score (r = 0.61). The similar domains of the SJ- 27 and SF- 36 questionnaire was correlated also in the study. Conclusions: The Turkish version of the SJ- 27 to measure health related quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was found to have very good validity, excellent reliability, and high internal consistency.