Influence of periodontal inflammation on tryptophan-kynurenine metabolism: a cross-sectional study

KURGAN Ş., ÖNDER C., Balcı N., Akdoğan N., ALTINGÖZ S. M., SERDAR M. A., ...More

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.26, no.9, pp.5721-5732, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-022-04528-4
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.5721-5732
  • Keywords: Kynurenine pathway, Periodontitis, Tryptophan
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Objectives: Kynurenine pathway (KP) is the primary way of degrading tryptophan (TRP) and generates several bioactive metabolites (such as kynurenine (KYN), kynurenic acid (KYNA), 3-hydroxykynurenine (3OHKYN)) to regulate biological processes that include host-microbiome signaling and immune cell response. This study is aimed to determine the relationship between periodontal inflammation and tryptophan-kynurenine metabolism and identify their association with periodontal clinical parameters. Materials and methods: Saliva and serum samples were collected from 20 stage III, grade B generalized periodontitis patients, and 20 periodontally healthy control individuals. Samples were analyzed for IL-6, KYN, TRP, KYN/TRP ratio, KYNA, 3OHKYN, picolinic acid (PA), and quinolinic acid (QA) by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Clinical periodontal parameters (plaque index (PI), probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival recession (GR), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and bleeding on probing (BOP)) were recorded. Results: Clinical parameters were significantly higher in the periodontitis group (p < 0.001). Salivary IL-6, TRP, KYN, KYNA, PA, and QA levels were significantly higher and KYN/TRP ratio was significantly lower in periodontitis group than control group (p < 0.05). Serum KYN, KYN/TRP ratio and PA levels were significantly higher in periodontitis group than control group (p < 0.05). PPD, BOP, PI, and CAL had significantly positive correlations with salivary IL-6, TRP, PA, QA, and serum KYN and significantly negative correlations with salivary KYN/TRP ratio. Conclusions: Our results suggest that periodontal inflammation plays a role in local and systemic tryptophan-kynurenine metabolism. Clinical relevance: Due to their effects on the immune and inflammatory systems, kynurenines may be potential agents for diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases.