Biochemical, pathological and ultrastructural investigation of whether lamotrigine has neuroprotective efficacy against spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury


Kahveci F. O. , KAHVECİ R., Gokce E. C. , Gokce A., KISA Ü., Sargon M. F. , ...More

INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED, vol.52, no.10, pp.2803-2812, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.08.004
  • Journal Name: INJURY-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE CARE OF THE INJURED
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Aerospace Database, CINAHL, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Metadex, SportDiscus, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2803-2812
  • Keywords: Antiinflammatory, antioxidant, apoptosis, lamotrigine, methylprednisolone, neuroprotection, rat, spinal cord, ischemia-reperfusion injury, ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, WHITE-MATTER, GLUTAMATE RECEPTORS, CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA, MECHANISTIC CONCEPTS, MOOD STABILIZERS, RAT, APOPTOSIS, METHYLPREDNISOLONE, BRAIN

Abstract

Introduction: Lamotrigine, an anticonvulsant drug with inhibition properties of multi-ion channels, has been shown to be able to attenuates secondary neuronal damage by influencing different pathways. The aim of this study was to look into whether lamotrigine treatment could protect the spinal cord from experimental spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury. Materials and methods: Thirty-two rats, eight rats per group, were randomly assigned to the sham group in which only laparotomy was performed, and to the ischemia, methylprednisolone and lamot-rigine groups, where the infrarenal aorta was clamped for thirty minutes to induce spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury. Tissue samples belonging to spinal cords were harvested from sacrificed animals twenty-four hours after reperfusion. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels, interleukin-1 beta levels, nitric oxide levels, superoxide dismutase activity, catalase activity, glutathione peroxidase activity, malondialde-hyde levels and caspase-3 activity were studied. Light and electron microscopic evaluations were also performed to reveal the pathological alterations. Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan locomotor scale and the inclined-plane test was used to evaluate neurofunctional status at the beginning of the study and just before the animals were sacrificed. Results: Lamotrigine treatment provided significant improvement in the neurofunctional status by pre -venting the increase in cytokine expression, increased lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress, depletion of antioxidant enzymes activity and increased apoptosis, all of which contributing to spinal cord damage through different paths after ischemia reperfusion injury. Furthermore, lamotrigine treatment has shown improved results concerning the histopathological and ultrastructural scores and the functional tests. Conclusion: These results proposed that lamotrigine may be a useful therapeutic agent to prevent the neuronal damage developing after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.