Seseli petraeum M. Bieb. (Apiaceae) Significantly Inhibited Cellular Growth of A549 Lung Cancer Cells through G0/G1 Cell Cycle Arrest.


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Cinar A. S. , BAKAR ATEŞ F., ÖNDER A.

Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, vol.92, no.4, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 92 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/0001-3765202020191533
  • Journal Name: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Aerospace Database, Animal Behavior Abstracts, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, zbMATH, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: A549, Antiproliferative, Apiaceae, Apoptosis, Extract, Seseli petraeum, GUMMIFERUM SUBSP CORYMBOSUM, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, ESSENTIAL OILS, TORTUOSUM L., ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, UMBELLIFERAE, CONSTITUENTS, ANTIOXIDANT, STATISTICS, COUMARINS

Abstract

Seseli L. is an important genus of the Apiaceae family, with a large number of aromatic species. It is used in traditional medicine extensively, but there is quite limited information on their phytochemicals and biological activities. Seseli petraeum M. Bieb. grows in Northern Anatolia, and there are no phytochemical studies on this species. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of the extracts of S. petraeum on A549 lung cancer cell proliferation. For this purpose, the antiproliferative effect was determined via MTT assay, and the extracts obtained from the root of S. petraeum showed a significant inhibitory effect on cell proliferation. The hexane extract of the root exhibited potent inhibition on A549 cancer cell growth at the 24th hour with 3.432 mg/mL IC50 value. The results also showed that the hexane extract had displayed cytotoxic effect through an arrest at the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle and induced a poptosis as well as DNA damage of A549 cells. Consequently, this study demonstrated the antiproliferative potential of the extracts from S. petraeum, especially hexane extract from the roots. Further studies are required to identify the mechanisms underlying these effects.