Relationship of the vitamin D receptor and collagen Iα1 gene polymorphisms with low bone mineral density and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal Turkish women Postmenopozal türk kadınlarında d vitamini reseptörü geni ve kollajen iα1 geni polimorfizmlerinin düşük kemik mineral yoǧunluǧu ve vertebral kırıklar ile i̇lişkisi


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Efesoy A., Yilmaz Ö., Erden G., Güçtekin A., Bodur H., Yildirimkaya M. M.

Turkish Journal of Rheumatology, vol.26, no.4, pp.295-302, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.5606/tjr.2011.047
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Rheumatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-302
  • Keywords: Bone mineral density, collagen I alpha 1, postmenopausal women, Turkish, vitamin D receptor, SP1 BINDING-SITE, I ALPHA-1 GENE, OSTEOPOROSIS, RISK, ASSOCIATION, TURNOVER, COL1A1, MASS, SUSCEPTIBILITY, METAANALYSIS

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to investigate (i) the frequencies of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and collagen Ia1 (COL Ia1) gene polymorphisms and (ii) whether there is a relation between the Bsm1 polymorphisms in the VDR gene, and the Sp1 polymorphisms in the COL Ia1 gene and low bone mineral density (BMD), and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal Turkish women. Patients and methods: A hundred postmenopausal Turkish women (mean age 63.4±8.7 years; range 48 to 86 years) who were admitted to our polyclinic for the diagnosis or treatment of osteoporosis were included in this study. The study population was divided into three groups according to the T score value based on BMD measurements. Patients with a T score of >-1.0 formed the control group (n=30). In addition, patients with a T score of <-1.0->-2.5 formed the osteopenic group (n=30), and those with a T score of <-2.5 formed the osteoporotic group (n=40). The Bsm1 (B/b) polymorphism in the VDR gene and t h e Sp1 (S/s) p olymorphism in the CO L Ia1 gene were detected by two parallel polymerase chain reactions and subsequent hybridization. Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and femur were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: The genotype frequencies of the Bsm I (B/b) polymorphism in the VDR gene and the Sp1 (S/s) polymorphism in the COL Ia1 gene were not statistically different among the three study groups. Additionally, no significant difference was found between the patients with vertebral fracture and the patients without fracture in terms of the BB, Bb, and bb genotypes of the VDR gene or in terms of the SS, Ss, and ss genotypes of the COL Ia1 gene. Conclusion: Our findings showed that the Bsm1 polymorphism of the VDR gene and the Sp1 polymorphism of the COL Ia1 gene were not associated with low BMD or vertebral fractures in postmenopausal Turkish women. © 2011 Turkish League Against Rheumatism. All rights reserved.