Rational design and microwave-assisted synthesis of a novel terthiophene derivative for facile preparation of binder-free polymer/metal oxide-based binary composite electrodes with high electrochemical performance

Yiğit D., Güllü M.

NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.46, no.13, pp.6134-6149, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/d2nj00357k
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chimica, EMBASE, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.6134-6149
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, a simple and effective method was presented for the preparation of binder-free conducting polymer/metal oxide binary composite electrode materials. The novel electropolymerizable thiophene monomer, 3-[(2,2 ':5 ',2 ''-terthiophen-3 '-yl)]-2-cyanoacrylic acid) (SDOGA), was specifically designed to fabricate homogeneous and chemically stable redox-active composite electrodes for pseudocapacitor applications. Poly(3-[(2,2 ':5 ',2 ''-terthiophen-3 '-yl)]-2-cyanoacrylic acid) (PSDOGA) was electrochemically deposited on stainless steel substrates and modified with TiO2 and V2O5 particles via a simple, efficient and low-cost process without any polymeric binder. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques were used to study the pseudocapacitive properties of PSDOGA/TiO2 and PSDOGA/V2O5 binder-free binary composites in both three-electrode and two-electrode cell configurations. PSDOGA/TiO2 and PSDOGA/V2O5 composites delivered high specific capacitances of 396.4 Fg(-1) and 444.5 Fg(-1), respectively, at 2.5 mA cm(-2) current density in single electrode measurements. Symmetrical supercapacitor devices assembled by using PSDOGA/TiO2 and PSDOGA/V2O5 binder-free binary composite electrodes exhibited satisfactory energy (78 W h kg(-1) and 94.8 W h kg(-1)) and power (700 W kg(-1) and 736 W kg(-1)) densities with good charge/discharge characteristics at a large operating voltage of 1.85 V. Furthermore, symmetric type supercapacitor cells achieved an excellent capacitance retention of 87% and 90% for 12 500 consecutive galvanic charge/discharge cycles at a constant current density of 2.5 mA cm(-2). The experimental results revealed that the cooperation between conducting polymer film and metal oxide particles not only greatly enhanced the capacitive performances, but also improved the long-term charge/discharge stability of the redox-active electrode materials.