Can pain during digital rectal examination help us to decide the necessity and the method of anesthesia for transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy?

Kaygisiz O., Inal G., Tas M., UĞURLU Ö., Ozturk B., Adsan O.

International Braz J Urol, vol.33, no.4, pp.470-476, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/s1677-55382007000400003
  • Journal Name: International Braz J Urol
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.470-476
  • Keywords: Digital rectal examination, Pain, Predictive factors, Prostate biopsy
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Objective: Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy is well tolerated by patients but the lack of an effective marker to predict pain prevents us from determining pre-procedurally which patient group needs local anesthesia for biopsy and probe pain. Thus in this study, we investigated predictor factors for prostate biopsy and probe insertion pain. Materials and Methods: 71 patients who were undergoing prostate biopsy without anesthesia were included in the study retrospectively. Pain had been assessed with visual analogue scale (VAS 0- 10). Digital rectal examination (DRE) pain was analyzed for biopsy and probe insertion pain. Results: DRE pain was related to both probe pain and biopsy pain. Conclusion: Although level of pain during DRE determines patients in need of local anesthesia, since the number of patients with moderate-severe pain is rather big, it seems efficient in determining the patients in need of additional anesthesia due to probe pain.