Mycoplasma hominis profile in women: Culture, kit, molecular diagnosis, antimicrobial resistance, and treatment


Ozturk S., YILDIZ S. , Dursun P., Yener Ilce B., KAYMAZ Ö.

Microbial Pathogenesis, vol.135, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 135
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.micpath.2019.103635
  • Title of Journal : Microbial Pathogenesis
  • Keywords: Mycoplasma hominis, Infectious, Culture, PCR, Antibiotic resistance, Treatment, UREAPLASMA-UREALYTICUM, ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY, CHLAMYDIA-TRACHOMATIS, PREVALENCE, INFECTION

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier LtdObjectives: Mycoplasma hominis (M.hominis) infections are sexually transmitted and usually associated with urogenital and respiratory diseases. The aim of our study was to (i) detect M. hominis in the vaginal and urine samples of sexually active women using three different detection methods and (ii) to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility and recurrence after the treatment. Methods: Both vaginal and urine samples were collected from 110 sexually active women at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Başkent University Ankara Hospital, Turkey, between March 2015 and February 2016. The presence of M. hominis in the vaginal and urine samples was detected by in vitro culture, two biochemical diagnostics kits (Mycoplasma IES (Autobio, China) and Mycoplasma IST–2 (BioMérieux, France) and PCR. The antibiotic susceptibility of each sample was tested using the kits. The women positive for M. hominis were treated either singly or along with their sexual partners by tetracycline. Results: M. hominis was detected in 72 of 220 (32.7%) samples (both vaginal and urine). Of which 37 showed contrary results with two different kits and then were confirmed by PCR. In 13 samples the IES kit identified M. hominis missed by IST-2, and in 8 samples the MIST-2 kit identified M. hominis missed by IES, while both kits missed 6 samples that were agar culture positive for M. hominis.” The highest susceptibility rate was observed against pristinamycin (100%), followed by 91%, 83%, and 75% for doxycycline, tetracycline, and josamycin, respectively. Twenty-five patients treated with tetracycline were followed after one month. The recurrence of M. hominis was not observed in any of the 18 cases where both sexual partners were treated but recurred in 5 of the 7 singly treated women. Conclusions: The rate of M. hominis detection was significantly higher in the vaginal samples compared to the urine samples. The probability of detecting M. hominis by IST–2 kit was 1.18 times less than IES kit (p < 0.001). When the relationship between the samples was examined, the difference between IES and IST–2 for detecting M. hominis was statistically significant (p < 0.01). Antibiotic susceptibility tests indicated that the tetracycline group of antibiotics was effective in eliminating M. hominis when given to both the sexual partners.