Clinical significance of head shake movement in three planes in individuals with dizziness


ALTIN B., AKSOY S.

American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery, vol.41, no.1, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102308
  • Journal Name: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Posturography, Dizziness, Head shake, Balance, Vestibular, SENSORY ORGANIZATION TEST, HANDICAP INVENTORY, POSTUROGRAPHY, SENSITIVITY
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc.Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of head shake movement on three head movement planes (yaw, pitch and, roll) in patients with dizziness despite normal vestibular test results. Materials and methods: Twenty individuals aged between 20 and 51 years with complaints of dizziness were included in the study, and their results were compared with the results from twenty age- and gender-matched controls. Participants were assessed using the Sensory Organization Test, Head Shake-Sensory Organization Test which is based on the modification of the Sensory Organization Test on the yaw, pitch, and roll planes, videonystagmography, caloric test, and Dizziness Handicap Inventory. Results: Significant differences were found in the yaw (p = 0.007), pitch (p < 0.001), and roll (p = 0.002) planes between the study and control groups of the Head Shake-Sensory Organization Test-5 scores. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of the Head Shake-Sensory Organization Test-2 scores in the yaw (p = 0.448), pitch (p = 0.213), and roll (p = 0.531) planes. When the sensitivity and specificity of Head Shake-Sensory Organization Test-5 conditions were examined, the highest specificity was observed in the pitch plane (100%), followed by the yaw (95%) and roll plane (95%). Conclusion: Dynamic head movements are an important parameter for the evaluation of balance performance. The head shake modification could be used effectively in three-movement planes in individuals with dizziness.