ACS Omega, vol.7, no.41, pp.36354-36365, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 American Chemical Society.Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolizes epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are endowed with beneficial biological activities as they reduce inflammation, regulate endothelial tone, improve mitochondrial function, and decrease oxidative stress. Therefore, inhibition of sEH for maintaining high EET levels is implicated as a new therapeutic modality with broad clinical applications for metabolic, renal, and cardiovascular disorders. In our search for new sEH inhibitors, we designed and synthesized novel amide analogues of the quinazolinone-7-carboxylic acid derivative 5, a previously discovered 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor, to evaluate their potential for inhibiting sEH. As a result, we identified new quinazolinone-7-carboxamides that demonstrated selective sEH inhibition with decreased FLAP inhibitor properties. The tractable SAR results indicated that the amide and thiobenzyl fragments flanking the quinazolinone nucleus are critical features governing the potent sEH inhibition, and compounds 34, 35, 37, and 43 inhibited the sEH activity with IC50 values of 0.30-0.66 μM. Compound 34 also inhibited the FLAP-mediated leukotriene biosynthesis (IC50 = 2.91 μM). In conclusion, quinazolinone-7-carboxamides can be regarded as novel lead structures, and newer analogues with improved efficiency against sEH along with or without FLAP inhibition can be generated.