Evidence of increased oxidative stress by simple measurements in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy


Yucel D., Aydogdu S., Senes M., Topkaya B., Nebioglu S.

SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION, vol.62, no.6, pp.463-468, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00365510260390019
  • Journal Name: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.463-468
  • Keywords: antioxidants, congestive heart failure, fluorescent products, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, thiols, HEART-FAILURE, FREE-RADICALS, ANTIOXIDANT, SUBSTANCES, ALBUMIN, PLASMA, INVIVO, SERUM
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The heart cannot supply sufficient blood for tissue metabolic needs in patients with congestive heart failure. Hypoxia and organ hypoperfusion increase oxidative activity. It has been reported that free radicals are involved in the genesis of heart failure. The aim of this study was to assess the status of oxidative stress by simple measurements in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy of ischemic or idiopathic etiology. Eleven patients (8 M, 3 F, age range 32 to 65 years) with dilated cardiomyopathy of ischemic etiology and 12 patients (8 M, 4 F, age range 31 to 66 years) with dilated cardiomyopathy of idiopathic etiology were included in the study. A control group included 21 healthy subjects (12 M, 9 F, age range 25 to 67 years). Levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, total thiols, and fluorescent products of lipid peroxidation were measured in plasma/serum samples of patients and controls. No statistically significant differences were found between the two patient groups for the parameters studied (p > 0.05). Levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and fluorescent products of lipid peroxidation were higher in both patient groups than in controls (p < 0.05), whereas concentrations of total thiols were decreased (p < 0.05). In conclusion, in patients with idiopathic or ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, there are associated abnormalities of a range of markers of increased oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. The plasma/serum constituents studied can be routinely measured in order to monitor patients during antioxidant therapy.