Disaster literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models


Çallşkan C., ÜNER S.

Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, vol.15, no.4, pp.518-527, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/dmp.2020.100
  • Journal Name: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, PASCAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.518-527
  • Keywords: disaster literacy, disaster model, disaster preparedness, measurement, scale, EDUCATION
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Copyright © 2020 Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc..Objective: The aim of this study is to develop an integrated definition and a conceptual model covering the dimensions of disaster literacy. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify the definitions and conceptual frameworks of disaster literacy. The content analysis of definitions and conceptual frameworks were conducted to identify the central dimensions of disaster literacy and to develop an integrated model. Results: In this study, 8 disaster literacy definitions and 4 conceptual model studies related to disasters were found. In line with these studies, a comprehensive definition of disaster literacy was presented. In addition, based on content analysis, a 16-matrix integrative conceptual model of the mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery dimensions of disaster literacy, and the access, understanding, appraisal, and application areas of disaster information processing were developed. Conclusions: In this study, a comprehensive definition and conceptual framework of disaster literacy were presented in an integrated model. By using this model, practices that are special to the phases of a disaster can be identified and supported in society. In addition, the model can contribute to empirical studies by providing the basis for the development of tools to measure disaster literacy.