Response of ramus following vertical lengthening with distraction osteogenesis

Tuzuner-Oncul A. M., KİŞNİŞCİ R. Ş.

Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.39, no.6, pp.420-424, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcms.2010.11.002
  • Journal Name: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.420-424
  • Keywords: Distraction osteogenesis (DO), Temporomandibular joint ankylosis, HEMIFACIAL MICROSOMIA, GRADUAL DISTRACTION, FACIAL INDEXES, RELIABILITY, STABILITY
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Vertical lengthening of the mandibular ramus is considered to be one of the least stable surgical procedures in the management of musculoskeletal maxillofacial deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of the mandibular ramus following vertical lengthening by means of distraction osteogenesis. This study included eight non-syndromic adult patients with temporomandibular joint ankylosis. The vertical height deficiency of the mandibular ramus and the ramus/condyle unit on the affected side were simultaneously reconstructed by transportation of a bone segment using distraction osteogenesis following gap arthroplasty. Lateral and posteroanterior (PA) cephalograms taken postoperatively before active distraction, at the completion of distraction and 6, 12, 24 months after distraction, were compared to evaluate the changes of the ramus height. In all cases the vertical ramus and ramus/condyle unit height loss were successfully reconstructed by distraction osteogenesis. There was no relapse in the amount of height gained by distraction osteogenesis at the 24 months follow-up review (p > 0.05). Acute one stage vertical lengthening of the mandibular ramus is considered to be one of the least stable musculoskeletal procedures with relapse being a significant adverse outcome. In this clinical study gradual vertical lengthening of the ramus through ramus/condyle unit distraction osteogenesis has maintained the initial vertical ramus height gained for 24 months. © 2010 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.