Turkish Journal of Hematology, vol.37, no.4, pp.271-281, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2020 by Turkish Society of Hematology.Objective: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked primary immune deficiency characterized by microthrombocytopenia, eczema, and recurrent infections. We aimed to evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of a WAS cohort. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical courses, immunological features, treatments, and outcomes in a total of 23 WAS patients together with data related to 11 transplanted cases among them between 1982 and 2019. Results: Before admission, 11 patients (48%) were misdiagnosed with immune thrombocytopenia. WAS scores were mostly 4 or 5. Eleven patients were transplanted and they had an overall survival rate of 100% during a median follow-up period of 8.5 years (range: 8 months to 20 years). Five patients who were not transplanted died at a median of 7 years (range: 2-26 years). Nontransplanted patients had high morbidity due to organ damage, mostly caused by autoimmunity, bleeding, and infections. Two novel mutations were also defined. Conclusion: All male babies with microthrombocytopenia should be evaluated for WAS. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be performed at the earliest age with the best possible donors.