Distraction osteogenesis in Silver Russell syndrome to expand the mandible.

KİŞNİŞCİ R. Ş., Fowel S., Epker B.

American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, vol.116, no.1, pp.25-30, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Distraction osteogenesis is a method commonly used to activate bone regeneration in nonunions and osseous defects and for lengthening procedures of tubular bones. This technique involves the sectioning of a bone and the subsequent deliberate, controlled movement of the opposing sectioned edges to lengthen, widen, or reposition a bone, or all three. In this report, a patient with Silver Russell syndrome and severe mandibular hypoplasia was treated by means of distraction osteogenesis of the midsymphysis to widen the mandible in concert with sagittal-ramus osteotomies to lengthen the mandible. This treatment created significantly increased arch length in the mandible, which was necessary to facilitate the patient's orthodontic treatment. We believe this is the first reported case of distraction osteogenesis to widen the mandible with the use of a tooth-borne appliance.