Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in preterm infants

Erbek S., Gokmen Z., Ozkiraz S., Erbek S. S., Tarcan A., Ozluoglu L. N.

Audiology and Neurotology, vol.14, no.1, pp.1-6, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000148204
  • Journal Name: Audiology and Neurotology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6
  • Keywords: Prematurity, Sacculocollic reflex, Vestibular dysfunction, Vestibular evoked myogenic potential
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


The goal of this study was to determine whether there was an association between perinatal risk factors of prematurity and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs). A prospective case-control trial was designed. Fifty preterm newborns (100 ears) with a gestational age <37 weeks were included. The control group consisted of 20 healthy term infants (40 ears). VEMP recordings were performed, and mean latencies of p13 were calculated in all study subjects. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the influence of perinatal variables on abnormal VEMP responses. VEMPs were elicited in all term infants (40 ears). In preterm infants, the responses were normal in 71 ears, delayed in 24 and absent in 5. There was a significant difference between abnormal VEMP rates for preterm and term infants (p < 0.001). Asphyxia (OR = 13.985, p = 0.048) and time of VEMP test (OR = 0.865, p = 0.038) were related to abnormal VEMP responses. There was no association between delayed VEMPs and gestational age, birth weight, hemoglobin and bilirubin levels, phototherapy, intracranial hemorrhage, convulsions, sepsis, ototoxic drugs, transfusion, mechanical ventilation, retinopathy of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and respiratory distress syndrome. These results suggest a delay in the maturation of VEMPs in premature infants. Asphyxia was the most important risk factor for abnormal VEMP responses in preterm infants. Copyright © 2008 S. Karger AG.