Relationship of Dietary Habits, Attitudes and Behaviors with Anthropometric Measurements in Adult Women

Creative Commons License

Apaçi C., Kartal M. E., Coşkun A., Dağ A.

PROGRESS IN NUTRITION, vol.24, no.4, pp.1-12, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13424
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-12
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract. Background and aim: This study aimed to determine relationship of dietary habits, attitudes and be-haviors with anthropometric measurements in 300 women aged 19-65 years (150 employed women and 150 unemployed women) living in Lefkoşa, North Cyprus Turkish Republic between February, 2018 and June, 2020. Methods: In all subjects, data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits and anthro-pometric measurements were recorded. All subjects completed Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Results: Mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.6±5.9 kg/m2 and 26.5±5.7 kg/m2 in employed and unemployed women, respectively. There was no significant difference in BMI based on employment status (p>0.05). Based on BMI, of the employed and unemployed woman, 48.7% and 40% were classified as normal while 26.6% and 35.3% as overweight and 24.7% and 24.7% as obese, re-spectively. It was found that emotional eating and restrained eating scores were increased by increasing BMI in both employed and unemployed women. A significant difference was found between BMI and emotional eating score in employed women (p<0.05). The relationship of anthropometric measurements with EAT-26 and DEBQ scores were evaluated by correlation analysis. It was found that weak but significant correlations were found between EAT-26 and DEBQ scores in both groups (r=0.335, p<0.001 and r=0.253, P=0.002). The DEBQ score was significantly correlated with BMI in employed women (r)=0.182; p=0.026) although it was correlated with waist: hip ratio in unemployed women (r=-0.232; p=0.004). In both employed and unemployed women, significant correlations were found among BMI, waist circumference and waist hip ratio (p<0.001). Conclusions: Development of correct dietary habits, attitudes and behaviors are important to protect and improve public health and quality of life.Key words: Nutritional status, dietary habits, eating behavior, eating attitude, eating disorders