Relationship of Dietary Habits, Attitudes and Behaviors with Anthropometric Measurements in Adult Women


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Apaçi C., Kartal M. E., Coşkun A., Dağ A.

PROGRESS IN NUTRITION, vol.24, no.4, pp.1-12, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13424
  • Journal Name: PROGRESS IN NUTRITION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-12
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abstract. Background and aim: This study aimed to determine relationship of dietary habits, attitudes and be-haviors with anthropometric measurements in 300 women aged 19-65 years (150 employed women and 150 unemployed women) living in Lefkoşa, North Cyprus Turkish Republic between February, 2018 and June, 2020. Methods: In all subjects, data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits and anthro-pometric measurements were recorded. All subjects completed Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Results: Mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.6±5.9 kg/m2 and 26.5±5.7 kg/m2 in employed and unemployed women, respectively. There was no significant difference in BMI based on employment status (p>0.05). Based on BMI, of the employed and unemployed woman, 48.7% and 40% were classified as normal while 26.6% and 35.3% as overweight and 24.7% and 24.7% as obese, re-spectively. It was found that emotional eating and restrained eating scores were increased by increasing BMI in both employed and unemployed women. A significant difference was found between BMI and emotional eating score in employed women (p<0.05). The relationship of anthropometric measurements with EAT-26 and DEBQ scores were evaluated by correlation analysis. It was found that weak but significant correlations were found between EAT-26 and DEBQ scores in both groups (r=0.335, p<0.001 and r=0.253, P=0.002). The DEBQ score was significantly correlated with BMI in employed women (r)=0.182; p=0.026) although it was correlated with waist: hip ratio in unemployed women (r=-0.232; p=0.004). In both employed and unemployed women, significant correlations were found among BMI, waist circumference and waist hip ratio (p<0.001). Conclusions: Development of correct dietary habits, attitudes and behaviors are important to protect and improve public health and quality of life.Key words: Nutritional status, dietary habits, eating behavior, eating attitude, eating disorders