New crosslinked hyaluronan gel, intrauterine device, or both for the prevention of intrauterine adhesions

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Pabuçcu E. G., Kovanci E., Şahin Ö., Arslanoğlu E., Yıldız Y., Pabuçcu R.

Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, vol.23, no.1, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


© 2019 by JSLS, Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons.Background and Objectives: To compare the efficacy of 3 different techniques for prevention of adhesion reformation after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in patients with moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions. Short-term assisted reproductive outcomes were also compared. Study Design: Total of 72 cases were randomized to Lippes loop intrauterine device (IUD) only, IUD plus a new crosslinked hyaluronan (NCH) gel, or NCH gel only following hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. All cases received hormonal therapy and a second hysteroscopy was carried out. Endometrial thickness values were measured using transvaginal ultrasonography and American Fertility Society adhesion scores were noted during first and second hysteroscopy in all groups. Reproductive outcomes were also compared for those who received in vitro fertilization treatment. Results: Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed significantly better endometrial thickness in the IUD+NCH (7.5 mm) and NCH-only groups (6.5 mm) than the IUD-only group (5 mm) (P < .001). All groups revealed enhanced but comparable American Fertility Society adhesion scores on second-look hysteroscopy. A total of 37 patients received in vitro fertilization treatment after surgical management of adhesions. Ongoing pregnancy rates after in vitro fertilization were 27%, 40%, and 36% in IUD, IUD+NCH, and NCH groups, respectively. However, the difference between the groups did not reach statistically significant difference. Conclusion: All interventions are of similar efficacy in the prevention of adhesion reformation after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for moderate to severe intrauterine adhesions. However, better endometrial thickness values were observed in those who received NCH gel either alone or in combination with IUD. Assisted reproductive outcomes of both groups were comparable for ongoing pregnancy rates.