Evaluation of nasal mucociliary clearance time in children with celiac disease

Comba A., ATAN D.

International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol.133, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 133
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.109936
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Celiac disease, Child, Nasal mucociliary clearance, Respiratory system, Infection, PNEUMOCOCCAL INFECTION, INCREASED RISK, COHORT, DEATH
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


© 2020 Elsevier B.V.Objectives: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that develops because of sensitivity to gluten-containing grains in genetically disposed individuals. Nasal mucociliary clearance is the most important protective factor that protects the upper and lower airways from foreign particulates. This study aimed to investigate the effect of celiac disease on nasal mucociliary clearance. Methods: The study included patients with celiac disease and healthy children. Nasal mucociliary clearance time was measured using the saccharin test. The children's saccharin taste time was recorded in seconds. Results: Overall, 65 children were included: 43 patients with celiac disease (66.2%) and 22 healthy children (33.8%). Of all the children, 42 (64.6%) were female, and the average age was 11.8 ± 4 years. Nasal mucociliary clearance time of patients with celiac disease (531 ± 155 s) was significantly prolonged in comparison to that of healthy children (448 ± 80 s) (p = 0.006). No relationships were found between the diagnosis age, celiac type, and histopathological phase and compliance with the gluten-free diet and nasal mucociliary clearance time of patients with celiac disease. Conclusions: This study showed that nasal mucociliary clearance was prolonged in patients with celiac disease. A defect in nasal mucociliary clearance increases the risk of infection and inflammation in small airways. Studies reported a high prevalence of respiratory tract infection in patients with celiac disease, which was associated with malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, and hyposplenism. The findings of the present study indicated that impairment of nasal mucociliary clearance could play a role in the development of frequent lung infections in patients with celiac disease.