© 2020 Elsevier B.V.Malignant gliomas are highly lethal. Delivering chemotherapeutic drugs to the brain in sufficient concentration is the major limitation in their treatment due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Drug delivery systems may overcome this limitation and can improve the transportation through the BBB. Paclitaxel is an antimicrotubule agent with effective anticancer activity but limited BBB permeability. R-Flurbiprofen is a nonsteroidal antienflammatory drug and has potential anticancer activity. Accordingly, we designed an approach combining R-flurbiprofen and paclitaxel and positively-charged chitosan-modified poly-lactide-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) and to transport them to glioma tissue. NPs were characterized and, cytotoxicity and cellular uptake studies were carried out in vitro. The in vivo efficacy of the combination and formulations were evaluated using a rat RG2 glioma tumor model. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified and chitosan-coated PLGA NPs demonstrated efficient cytotoxic activity and were internalized by the tumor cells in RG2 cell culture. In vivo studies showed that the chitosan-coated and PEGylated NPs loaded with paclitaxel and R-flurbiprofen exhibited significantly higher therapeutic activity against glioma. In conclusion, PLGA NPs can efficiently carry their payloads to glioma tissue and the combined use of anticancer and anti-inflammatory drugs may exert additional anti-tumor activity.