May the morphological findings in the first-trimester abortion materials be indicative of inherited thrombophilia?


KAYMAZ E., Gun B. D., Genc G. C., Kokturk F., Ozmen K. G.

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol.46, no.11, pp.2261-2271, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jog.14419
  • Journal Name: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2261-2271
  • Keywords: abortion material, inherited thrombophilia, morphological findings, FACTOR-V-LEIDEN, SYNCYTIAL KNOTS, WOMEN
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

© 2020 Japan Society of Obstetrics and GynecologyPurpose: İnherited thrombophilia is associated with severe pregnancy complications including recurrent spontaneous abortion. In the light of this strong association, the impact of thrombophilic mutations on the placenta and their morphological reflections has aroused attention of both clinicians and pathologists. In the present study, we aimed to show the association between placental abnormalities with thrombophilia by examining the morphological findings in a wide range of first-trimester chorionic villi. Methods: We performed a histological examination on the abortion specimens obtained from 129 patients with recurrent pregnancy losses that were evaluated with respect to inherited thrombophilia based on the presence of Factor V Leiden (G1691A), Prothrombin G20210A and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene mutations detected by genetic analysis. Abortion materials either with and without thrombophilia were evaluated in terms of the morphological parameters such as hydropic change, vascularity, fibrosis, fibrinoid degeneration, Hofbauer macrophage, syncytiotrophoblast knotting, villitis, calcification, villous contour and villous size, hemorrhage, thrombus, proliferation of trophoblasts, villous stromal or villous vascular karyorrhexis. Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the patient groups with and without thrombophilia in terms of morphological findings except vascularity of chorionic villi. The avascular chorionic villi (<3 vessels per villus) were found in 62.9% and 16.9% obtained from the women with and without thrombophilic mutation, respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: As a conclusion, it could be stated that the analysis of morphological findings in the abortion specimen is not a time-wasting process. Particularly, data related with vascularity of chorionic villi would be precious and beneficial. We suggest that highlighting the presence of avascular villi in the pathology report as a parameter would be guiding for clinicians regarding the impact of the thrombophilic gene mutations.