An Examination on Physical Activity Levels of Employed Individuals

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Erol G., Bilge M., Karaca A., Yıldırım S.

Aksaray University Journal of Sport and Health Researches, vol.4, no.1, pp.11-24, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The aim of this study is to examine the physical activity duration, intensity, energy expenditure, and average metabolic equivalent (MET/h) values of employed individuals, as well as how they differ by gender and age. The study included 460 volunteers, 263 women and 197 men ranging in age from 18 to 65. Physical Activity Assessment Questionnaire (PAAQ), International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), and Personal Information Form were applied to the volunteers with the self-assessment method. The data were analyzed with the SPSS 20.0 program. Independent sample t-test and one-way analysis of variance in comparison of groups for normally distributed variables; Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for non-normally distributed variables. It was determined that durations of “sitting at work, walking for transportation, transportation, and activities are done sitting at home” were longer in males compared to females, and the duration of standing physical activity at home was longer in females compared to males. It was found that there was a statistically significant difference between the age groups in terms of the duration of moderate-to-vigorous physical activities participation of the employees, and the duration of participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity decreased as the age increased. It has been found that about ¾ of both female and male do not walk during the lunch break, and the rate of walking during the lunch break of employees aged 45 and over is higher than those of other age groups (p<0.05). As a result, it was observed that the participation time of females in all activity areas except standing activities at home was shorter compared to males and that as age increases, the duration of participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity decreases and that female’s walking time for transportation purposes is longer than men’s, but there is no difference between lunch break walking times.