Mitomycin C prevents strictures in caustic esophageal burns in rats

TÜRKYILMAZ Z., SÖNMEZ K., Demirtola A., KARABULUT R., POYRAZ A., Gülen Ş., ...More

Journal of Surgical Research, vol.123, no.2, pp.182-187, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jss.2004.08.009
  • Journal Name: Journal of Surgical Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.182-187
  • Keywords: caustic esophageal strictures, mitomycin C, prevention
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


Caustic esophageal injuries lead to stricture formation. Although a number of agents have been tried experimentally to prevent strictures, few have gained clinical application. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Mitomycin C (MMC), which inhibits fibroblastic proliferation in preventing caustic esophageal strictures. Fifty-six rats were allocated into four groups. Caustic esophageal burns were created as described by Gehanno. Group A was instilled only with saline. Group B was injured and untreated. Groups C and D were injured and received topical MMC at 0.02 and 0.04% concentrations, respectively. At 28 days, stenosis index (SI), collagen deposition, and hydroxyproline content (HP) were determined in distal esophageal segments. Statistical analyses were done. Mean SI in Group B was significantly higher than others (P < 0.05). Mean SI was statistically higher in Group C than A and D and similar between groups A and D. The greatest accumulation of collagen was found in Group B, followed by Group C, D, and A, respectively. Collagen deposition in Group D was statistically lower than Group B (P < 0.01) and similar to Group C. Mean HP in Group B was statistically higher than others (P < 0.05), significantly higher in Group C than Group D (P = 0.047), and similar between Groups A and D (P = 0.73). MMC was effective in preventing strictures following experimental caustic esophageal injury, in a dose-dependent manner. We consider that it can gain clinical utilization with the establishment of effective mode, dose, and timing of therapy. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.