Brucella: Potential Biothreat Agent


Doğanay M. , Dinler Doğanay G., Ulu Kılıç A., Ingram R. J.

in: Defense Against Biological Attacks,, Sunit K. Singh,Jens H. Kuhn, Editor, Springer Nature, Basel, pp.139-159, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • City: Basel
  • Page Numbers: pp.139-159
  • Editors: Sunit K. Singh,Jens H. Kuhn, Editor

Abstract

 Brucellosis is an ancient disease, the etiologic agent being bacteria of the Brucella

 genus. While the disease has a global distribution in humans and animals, the

majority of cases are reported in Mediterranean, Middle East, Central Asia, Africa,

Central America, and Latin America [1 , 2 ]. Due to the potential for misuse of these

organisms, Brucella  spp.  are categorized as group B priority agents by both the

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and National Institute of Allergy

and Infectious Disease (NIAID) in the USA. The agent is also included on the lists of

potential biological agents of weapons by the World Health Organization (WHO),

the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), and the North Atlantic

Treaty Organization (NATO) [35 ].