The effects of COVID-19 on wellbeing and resilience among Muslims in Turkey

Ok Ü., Gören A. B., BAYER N.

Mental Health, Religion and Culture, vol.27, no.1, pp.1-26, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13674676.2023.2243241
  • Journal Name: Mental Health, Religion and Culture
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ATLA Religion Database, CINAHL, Psycinfo, Religion and Philosophy Collection, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-26
  • Keywords: COVID-19, Muslim, OCD, optimism, religiosity, resilience
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


This cross-sectional exploratory study surveys the general perceived adverse effects of COVID-19 on people's wellbeing (including obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms (OCDS)) and the level of resilience shown against it, with specific reference to the role of religiosity and optimism. Data were collected in an online survey from 247 non-randomly selected participants in Turkey, aged 12–64. The questionnaire included a demographic form, a battery of COVID-19 scales, the Brief Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, a short-form Optimism Scale, and the Ok-Religious Attitude Scale. The results indicate that COVID-19 significantly and negatively influenced several aspects of people's lives, including finance, mood, life perspective, physical health, spirituality, and state of mental health. Furthermore, resilience, family solidarity, religiosity, and optimism played a positive role in overcoming the negative effects. Nonetheless, women, less religious people, pessimists, and anxiety-prone individuals, including people with OCDS symptoms, reported that they felt less resilient against the perceived adverse effects of COVID-19.