Alterations in cerebral xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in iodine and/or selenium deficient rats


Fabad Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol.37, no.2, pp.103-110, 2012 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Name: Fabad Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.103-110
  • Keywords: Combined iodine and selenium deficiency, Cytochrome p450 enzymes, Iodine deficiency, Selenium deficiency, Thyroid hormones, Xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: No


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of iodine and/or selenium deficiency on cerebral enzyme levels/activities responsible for xenobiotic metabolism on rats. Three-week old male Wistar rats were used and feeding period was 7-weeks. Selenium deficiency was introduced by a diet containing <0.005 mg/kg selenium, and iodine deficiency was produced by sodium perchlorate containing drinking water. The levels of total microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and cytochrome b5 (CYP b5) as well as the activities of microsomal NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (P450R), aniline hydroxylase (CYP2E1), and cytosolic glutathione S-transferase (GST) were determined. Significant decreases in CYP2E1 activity of iodine deficient, and combined iodine/selenium deficient groups, and marked increase in P450R activity of selenium deficient animals were observed. The generated data suggested that cerebral xenobiotic metabolizing system was affected by the iodine and/or selenium deficiency states which might alter the pharmacological response of central nervous system acting drugs and other xenobiotics in rats.