Is there a relationship between internalized misogyny and premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea in young women? A descriptive-relational study

Erenoğlu R., Sözbir Ş. Y., Erenel A.

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol.49, no.8, pp.2157-2163, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jog.15719
  • Journal Name: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2157-2163
  • Keywords: dysmenorrhea, internalized misogyny, premenstrual syndrome
  • Lokman Hekim University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: This study utilized a descriptive and relational design to determine the relationship between young women's experiences of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and dysmenorrhea with internalized misogyny. Methods: A total of 487 individuals were accessed. Data were collected through the “Personal Information Form” prepared by the researchers, the “Functional and Emotional Measure of Dysmenorrhea” the “Premenstrual Syndrome Scale,” and the “Internalized Misogyny Scale.”. Results: The internalized misogyny scale mean score had significant effects on the functional and emotional measure of dysmenorrhea mean score (p < 0.05). The internalized misogyny scale mean score was found to have a statistically significant effect on the premenstrual syndrome scale (p < 0.05). Conclusions: This study found that young women's internalized misogyny was highly correlated with PMS and dysmenorrhea, and increased internalized misogyny also increased the severity of PMS and dysmenorrhea in young women.